Russia is one of the global leaders in aluminium smelting. Following the fall of the USSR, Russian smelters were privatized in 1993 and the industry went through a period of total chaos, victim of criminal gangs. An industry consolidation followed suit in the early 2000’s paving the way for today’s thriving aluminium production.

World’s 2nd largest producer

As Russia’s comparative advantage is low cost energy, the production of primary aluminium in Russia is cost competitive. The weakness of the currency makes exports a valuable proposition.

In 2015 a lot of effort was made in this region towards cost-cutting initiatives, which helped strengthen its position on the global cost curve.

The nine primary aluminium smelting plants are owned by one single producer, Rusal. With their low energy cost, these plants are very efficient. 17% of the domestic consumption of aluminium is in the Russian automotive industry.

annual production

3 550 000 mt/y

global production

6.6 %


146 300 000

energy sources for
electrolysis process


number of smelters


carbon footprint

3 mt CO2e/mt Al

Data 2015 / March 2017

Low cost energy and a weak currency makes primary aluminium a competitive industry.

17% of its production is used in the Russian automotive industry.

At issue

Rapidly aging population and gradually declining birth rates
Overreliance of economy on oil and gaz exports
Highly regulated energy sector

Aluminium in the world